Children’s Day is recognized on various days in many places around the world, to honor children globally. It was first proclaimed by the World Conference for the Well-being of Children in 1925 and then established universally in 1954 to protect an “appropriate” day.
In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals outlined by world leaders in order to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015, albeit this applies to all people, the main objective is with regard to children. UNICEF is dedicated to meeting the six of eight goals that apply to the needs of children so that they are all entitled to basic rights written in the 1989 international human rights treaty. UNICEF delivers vaccines, works with policymakers for good health care and education and works exclusively to help children and protect their rights.
In September 2012, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations led the initiative for the education of children. He firstly wants every child to be able to attend school, a goal by 2015. Secondly, to improve the skill set acquired in these schools. Thirdly, implementing policies regarding education to promote peace, respect, and environmental concern.
Universal Children’s Day is not simply a day to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the globe that have succumbed to violence in forms of abuse, exploitation and discrimination. Children are used as labourers in some countries, immersed in armed conflict, living on the streets, suffering by differences be it religion, minority issues, or disabilities. Children feeling the effects of war can be displaced because of the armed conflict and/or suffer physical and psychological trauma. The following violations are described in the term “children and armed conflict”: recruitment and child soldiers, killing/maiming of children, abduction of children, attacks on schools/hospitals and not allowing humanitarian access to children. Currently there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labour. The International Labour Organization in 1999 adopted the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour including slavery, child prostitution and child pornography.
Children’s Day is annually observed in Nigeria on May 27. The holiday is celebrated by government and non-governmental organizations. Children from primary and secondary schools have a day off.
Children’s Day is observed with numerous parades. Schools organize the parades where children compete with each other. The government of Nigeria also organizes an annual parade and selects schools or any other organization, that can participate in this event. Sometimes primary and secondary schools participate in military parades and children have an opportunity to do jobs that adults would normally do.
Observance of Children’s Day in Nigeria is aimed to raise public awareness of problems, that children face. About 42% of the Nigerian population are children and 1/3 of children aged from 6 to 14 don’t go to schools. Many children leave schools for different purposes and children’s rights are often violated. Unfortunately, the government of Nigeria does not make much to solve the problems connected with children’s right violation and imperfect system of education.
On 27th of May 2015, FLD in Africa with a number of other NGOs teamed up with TWO Foundations to commemorate the day with children at a local community, Oboto Village in Ondo East Senatorial District.
The children at Oboto community were only aware that they were given a holiday on Children’s Day but do not know the importance attached to the day as they were not celebrated or made to enjoy what other children at bigger schools at more civilized communities enjoy on this day .
The event, which was the first of its kind according to the children and adults in the community, was programmed to be fun-filled as well as educating for both the children and their parents.
The children enjoyed themselves in the dancing competitions, Fastest-Fingers Game and the Quiz Buzz.
They were educated on HIV&AIDS on how to prevent and manage the virus. It was however deduced from their reactions that they are informed about the infection but still engage in dangerous practices that could get them exposed to it e.g sharing of sharp objects with friends.
The children were also educated on day-to-day personal hygiene. They were taught on how to cater for their general upkeep and environment for proper development.
At the end of the event, the best contestants in each game were given prizes ranging from children’s snacks to writing materials.
The programme which lasted for more than six hours was closed by parting away with writing material gifts for the children for the first Millennium Development Goal (Access to Universal Basic Education) to be achieved at the community.
citation from wikipedia